Inverse Appearance Modeling of Interwoven Cloth
The Visual Computer (to appear)

Yoshinori Dobashi 1 Kei Iwasaki 2 Makoto Okabe 3 Takashi Ijiri 4 Hideki Todo 5
2Hokkaido University,  1Wakayama University,   1Shizuoka University,   3Shibaura Institute of Technology,  3Chuo Gakuin University  


This paper proposes an inverse approach for modeling the appearance of interwoven cloth. Creating the desired appearance in cloth is difficult because many factors, such as the type of thread and the weaving pattern, have to be considered. Design tools that enable the desired visual appearance of the cloth to be replicated are therefore beneficial for many computer graphics applications. In this paper, we focus on the design of the appearance of interwoven cloth whose reflectance properties are significantly affected by the weaving patterns. Although there are several systems that support editing of weaving patterns, they lack an inverse design tool that automatically determines the spatially-varying bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) from the weaving patterns required to make the cloth display the desired appearance. We propose a method for computing the cloth BRDFs that can be used to display the desired image provided by the user. We formulate this problem as a cost minimization and solve it by computing the shortest path of a graph. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the method with several examples.